Heroin addiction is the most dangerous and damaging addiction in the UK, affecting families and the society. Opiate/heroin accounts for over half (54%) of all UK drug-related deaths.
Heroin has a rapid effect, beginning with euphoria and feelings of peace and contentment. It then makes the user 'numb' to hunger and sexual urges, and masks all inhibitions, fears and remorse. The user eventually becomes numb to his or her immediate environment, both internal and external.
Signs of Heroin Addiction
If you think that you or a loved one may have a problem with heroin addiction, here are some common signs of heroin abuse:
- Fatigue, followed by patterns of alertness
- Shallow or laboured breathing
- Injection wounds
- Infections on the skin from injections
- Nausea and vomiting
- Small, constricted pupils
- Distant, gazing eyes
- Lack of motivation
- Distance from old friends and family
- Stealing/borrowing from others to fund use
- Disorientation or dizziness
- Difficulty speaking/slurred speech
- Memory loss, forgetfulness or not remembering important events
- Lack of interest in the future
- Poor appetite
- Unkempt self-image, poor personal hygiene, loss of self-discipline.
Effects of heroin addiction
- Infectious Diseases (HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B and C – caused by sharing needles)
- Collapsed Veins
- Blood clots (DVT - Deep Vein Thrombosis)
- Bacterial Infections
- Abscesses, which left untreated can go gangrenous
- Infection of heart lining and valves
- Overdose and Death
Image source: towardtheheart.com
Physical Dependency caused by Heroin Addiction
Heroin is three times more potent than morphine. It is one of the most addictive of all the illicit drugs. Heroin addiction causes strong physical dependency. This means that users develop strong withdrawal symptoms within few hours of trying to stop using it. They have to use heroin again to stop these symptoms, thereby creating a 'vicious cycle of physical dependence'.
The withdrawal symptoms include drug craving, restlessness, runny nose, watery eyes, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhoea, vomiting, cold-flushes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements (“kicking the habit”) etc. Withdrawal symptoms usually peak 48-72 hours after the last use. They subside after about a week. Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health could be fatal.
Treatment for Heroin Addiction
There is a type of treatment for heroin addiction called Opiate Substitution Treatment (OST). This involves replacing the heroin with an opiate prescription - Buprenorphine (Subutex) or Methadone. The aim is to stop the heroin use thereby reducing the risk of harm to the user. These patients are however permanently kept on the opiate prescription and most of them still use illicit opioid like heroin on top. Opiate Substitution Treatment is available on the NHS via community drug and alcohol services.
The only treatment available for patients that want to completely stop or abstain from heroin and all Opiates is Medically Assisted Detoxification treatment. This will take care of the physical side of the addiction. NICE (National Institute for Clinical Excellence) recommends that medical treatment is supported by intensive psycho-social intervention. This helps to maintain abstinence. Therefore, heroin addicts need a medical detox alongside intensive residential rehab to overcome the mental and physical addiction to heroin.
Rehab HC can help!
Rehab Healthcare can recommend you a suitable treatment centre. Such rehab centre is able to carry out the heroin detox and intensive rehabilitation. If you or a loved one has an addiction to heroin, call Rehab Healthcare now and you could be in treatment within few hours of your phone call.